The Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI), a public policy organization dedicated to the principles of free markets and limited government, has created a voting scorecard for the 113th Congress focusing on worker issues. CEI’s labor policy website,, will be the only real time congressional voting scorecard devoted to analyzing Congress’ labor record from a free-market perspective.

CEI developed the scorecard to educate taxpayers on how their Congressional Representatives and Senators vote on labor policy issues. A unique feature of the scorecard is that it is maintained in real time, rather than completed at the end of a congressional session.

The score is determined based on the CEI policy determinations that support worker freedom and the elimination of Big Labor’s privileges across the country.

CEI will announce which votes will be scored as far in advance as possible. Presently in the 113th Congress numerous pro-worker bills and amendments have been introduced. A list of this legislation can be viewed on the Pro-Worker Legislation page.

Full House Scorecard

Full Senate Scorecard

Voted with CEI’s Position
X Voted against CEI’s Position
* Did not vote

Grade Scale

100%………………………….. A+
95% – 99%………………….. A
90% – 94%………………….. A-

85% – 89%………………….. B+
80% – 84%………………….. B
70% – 79%………………….. B-

65% – 69%………………….. C+
60% – 64%………………….. C
50% – 59%………………….. C-

31% – 49%………………….. D+
11% – 30%………………….. D
1% – 10%……………………. D-

0%……………………………… F


Votes in the current Congress score include:

Highway and Transportation Funding Act of 2014 

VOTE: 414

Bill: H.R. 5021

Bill Sponsor: Rep. Dave Camp

CEI Position: NO

H.R. 5021 is a bill to provide an extension of Federal-aid highway, highway safety, motor carrier safety, transit, and other programs funded out of the Highway Trust Fund, and for other purposes.

Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015, Amendment No. 29

VOTE: 295

Bill: H.R. 4745. H.AMDT 29

Bill Sponsor: AMDT. sponsor Rep. Phil Gingrey

CEI Position: YES

On Agreeing to the Amendment No. 20 of the Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015, which prohibits the use of funds to pay a Federal employee for any period of time during which such employee is using official time under section 7131 of title 5, United States Code.

National Defense Authorization Act of FY 2015, Amendment No. 15 

VOTE: 235

Bill: H.R. 4435, H.AMDT.678 (A015) 

Bill Sponsor: AMDT. sponsor Rep. Lynn Jenkins

CEI Position: YES

On agreeing to amendment No. 15 of the National Defense Authorization Act of FY 2015, which creates a moratorium on the insourcing of previously contracted activities within DOD.

Minimum Wage Fairness Act of 2014

VOTE: 117

Bill: S. 2223

Bill Sponsor: Sen. Tom Harkin

CEI Position: NO

On Cloture on the Motion to Proceed (Motion to Invoke Cloture on the Motion to Proceed to S. 2223, a bill to provide for an increase in the Federal minimum wage.

On the Confirmation of Nominee David Weil to be Administrator of the Wage and Hour Division of the Department of Labor

VOTE: 110

Nomination Number: PN1156

CEI Position: NO

On the Cloture Motion (Motion to Invoke Cloture on the Nomination of David Weil, to be Administrator of the Wage and Hour Division)

VOTE: 109

Nomination Number: PN1156

CEI Position: NO

Paycheck Fairness Act of 2014

VOTE: 103

Bill: S. 2199

Bill Sponsor: Sen. Barbara Mikulski

CEI Position: NO

Motion to Invoke Cloture on the Motion to Proceed to S. 2199, a bill that amends the portion of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA) known as the Equal Pay Act to revise remedies for, enforcement of, and exceptions to prohibitions against sex discrimination in the payment of wages.

Emergency Unemployment Compensation Extension Act of 2014

VOTE: 101

Bill: H.R. 3979

Bill Sponsor: Rep. Lou Barletta

CEI Position: NO

A measure to extend emergency unemployment compensation.

Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act


Bill: S. 1845

Bill Sponsor: Sen. Jack Reed

CEI Position: NO

Motion to Invoke Cloture on the Motion to Proceed to S. 1845(Emergency Unemployment Compensation Extension Act), a bill to provide for the extension of certain unemployment benefits, and for other purposes.

Retail investor Protection Act

Roll Call: 567

Bill: H.R. 2374

Bill Sponsor: Rep. Ann Wagner

CEI Position: YES

H.R. 2374 Prohibits the Secretary of Labor from prescribing any regulation under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) defining the circumstances under which an individual is considered a fiduciary until 60 days after the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issues a final rule governing standards of conduct for brokers and dealers under specified law.

On the Confirmation of Nominee Richard Griffin to be general counsel of the National Labor Relations Board

VOTE: 222

Nomination Number: PN789

CEI Position: NO

On the Confirmation of Nominee Kent Yoshiho Hirozawa, of New York, to be a Member of the National Labor Relations Board

VOTE: 190

Nomination Number: PN679

CEI Position: NO

On the Confirmation of Nominee Nancy Jean Schiffer, of Maryland, to be a Member of the National Labor Relations Board

VOTE: 192

Nomination Number: PN680

CEI Position: NO

On the Confirmation of Nominee Mark Gaston Pearce, of New York, to be a Member of the National Labor Relations Board

VOTE: 194

Nomination Number: PN266

CEI Position: NO

On the Confirmation of Nominee Katherine Archuleta, of Colorado, to be Director of the Office of Personnel Management

VOTE: 225

Nomination Number: PN509

CEI Position: NO

On the Confirmation of Nominee Thomas Perez, of Maryland, to be Secretary of Labor

VOTE: 178

Nomination Number: PN205

CEI Position: NO

Setting forth the congressional budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2014, Scott AMDT. No. 597

To establish a deficit-neutral reserve fund relating to the prohibition of taxpayer dollars and resources being used to automatically deduct union dues from the pay of Federal employees.

VOTE: 75

Bill: S.Con.Res.8, S.AMDT.597

Amendment Sponsor: Sen. Tim Scott

CEI Position: YES

Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013, Coburn AMDT. No. 66

VOTE: 37

Bill: H.R. 933, AMDT. No. 66

Amendment Sponsor: Sen. Tom Coburn

CEI Position: YES

To temporarily freeze the hiring of nonessential Federal employees.

Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 2013

Bill: S. 815

Bill Sponsor: Sen. Jeff Merkley

CEI Position: NO

S. 815 would unnecessarily create government interference in labor markets and would foist additional federal mandates upon employers, which mandates impinge upon freedom of religion, association, and speech.

Preventing Greater Uncertainty in Labor-Management Relations Act

Roll Call: 101

Bill: H.R. 1120

Bill Sponsor: Rep. Phil Roe

CEI Position: YES

H.R. 1120 would prohibit the National Labor Relations Board from undertaking activity that requires a quorum of the members of the Board. Further, the bill would prohibit the Board from implementing, administering, or enforcing any decisions finalized on or after January 4, 2012. Those prohibitions would terminate when either all members for the Board are confirmed by the Senate in a number sufficient to constitute a quorum, when the Supreme Court issues a decision as to the constitutionality of the appointments made to the Board in January 2012, or when the first session of the 113th Congress adjourns sine die.

Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2014, House Amendment 402
Roll Call: 407
Bill: H.R. 2397
Bill Sponsor: Rep. Kilmer, Derek (D-WA)
CEI position: NO
The amendment does not allow funds to be used to deny security clearances to civilian employees of the Department of Defense because of a “furlough caused by sequestration.”

Stop Government Abuse Act of 2013

Roll call: 436

Bill: H.R. 2879

Bill Sponsor: Rep. Jenkins, Lynn (R-KS)

CEI position: YES

To provide limitations on bonuses for Federal employees during sequestration, to provide for investigative leave requirements for members of the Senior Executive Service, to establish certain procedures for conducting in-person or telephonic interactions by Executive branch employees with individuals, and for other purposes.

Regulations From the Executive in Need of Scrutiny Act of 2013, House Amendment 454

Roll Call: 441

Bill: H.R. 367, H.AMDT.7

Bill Sponsor: Rep. Hank Johnson (D-GA)

CEI position: NO

Amendment sought to exempt certain regulations from accountability and transparency provisions in H.R. 367.

Retail Investor Protection Act, Amendment No. 493

Roll Call: 565

Bill: H.R. 2374, H.AMDT.493

Amendment Sponsor: Rep. George Miller (FL-D)

CEI Position: NO

Amendment sought to authorize the Department of Labor to issue a rule that would broaden the definition of fiduciary on investment advisers to employee retirement plans and individual retirement accounts. Industry experts argue that the rule may drive brokers out of the retirement business and limit advice options for low-income investors.

To eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees

Roll Call: 44

Bill: H.R. 273

Bill Sponsor: Rep. Ron DeSantis

CEI Position: YES

To eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees

Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, Amendment 

Roll Call: 73

Bill: H.R. 803, H.AMDT. 31

Amendment Sponsor: Rep. John Tierney (MA-D)

CEI Position: NO

Amendment in the nature of a substitute sought to reauthorize the Workforce Investment Act in such a way that workers can be assured of obtaining jobs and building careers through strategic partnerships and that businesses are more easily enabled to identify and hire qualified personnel in order to further facilitate the economic recovery.

Working Families Flexibility Act of 2013

Roll Call: 137

Bill: H.R. 1406

Bill Sponsor: Rep. Martha Roby (AL-R)

CEI Position: YES

To amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 to provide compensatory time for employees in the private sector

Working Families Flexibility Act of 2013, Amendment 59

Roll Call: 135

Bill: H.R. 1406, H.AMDT.59

CEI Position: YES

Amendment adds a new section 5 requiring GAO to submit a report to Congress on the usage of compensatory time allowed under the Act and which details any complaints filed or any enforcement actions taken for alleged violations of the Act.

Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014, Amendment 96

Roll Call: 191

Bill: H.R. 2216, H.AMDT.96

Author: Rep. Steve King (IA-R)

CEI Position: YES

Prohibits funds made available by the Act to be used to implement, administer, or enforce the prevailing wage requirements in the Davis-Bacon Act.

National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, Amendment 148

Roll Call: 225

Bill: H.R. 1960, H.AMDT.148

Amendment Sponsor: Rep. Scott Rigell (VA-R)

CEI Position: YES

Amendment sought to modify the temporary suspension of public-private competitions for conversion of Department of Defense functions to contractor performance and permit the Secretary of Defense to exempt existing public-private partnerships from the OMB Budget Circular A-76 process.

Questions regarding the scorecard can be directed to WPC Managing Editor Trey Kovacs at